The submission of the inferior to the superior is not sufficient for materialization of self- control in the state. Sabine says that state-directed education scheme of Plato is perhaps the most important innovation.
The implication is for an ideal state that type of individual is required whose mind and bodies are fully and in a balance way developed. So this process of discovering the truth is step by step.
Barker says that his arguments of communism in property are ethical.
His theory is based on eugenic and moral grounds. We may not agree with the view of Plato but we must say that there are certain clear and definite reasons in his concept of communism. Moreover, Plato prescribes compulsory education for all, that is for all members of the guardian class.
Astronomy is another subject recommended by Plato for higher education. Good government requires a sufficient degree of knowledge and understanding, and democracy in particular presupposes a competent citizenry.
We have said that there could not have been Social-Democratic [i. In his opinion if reason and spirit are to discharge their functions and to attain justice, then they must keep themselves away from appetite.
Women were confined to home. If the former two classes are guided by economic motive, then there will be gross negligence of duty on the part of these two classes and that will erode justice.
It extended from twenty to thirty-five. If the purpose of education is the development of soul, Plato proceeds to say that the growth of the soul can be divided into two stages—early stage and later stage.
For if somebody dragged him by force up the rough and steep path to the entrance of the cave, and if that person didn't let go of him until he had dragged him out into broad daylight, the liberated prisoner would be thoroughly confused and quite angry.
In the end Plato could not see himself living a private life of the mind; he felt that he had to make his contribution to the construction of a rational and just society.
They should agree to receive from the citizens a fixed rate of pay— enough to meet the expenses of the year and no more—and they will go to mess and live together like soldiers in a camp.
To shoulder the responsibility of government is not an ordinary function; rather, it is an extraordinary duty. Emphasizing that until now quality education had always been the privilege of the upper classes, Lenin argued that an effective revolutionary theory had to be brought to working class parties from outside pure working class organizations: Granted, then, that sound political decisions concerning means as well as ends require not only reliable knowledge of such things as economics, geography, sociology, and military strategy, but also something like moral competence, the question arises as to how this sort of preparedness can be acquired.
Plato has analyzed the virtues or nature of a good community. Legal provisions are necessary. So, for the sake of the ideal state, feeling of unity must be encouraged and it should be nurtured from the very childhood.
His psychology another discipline he fathered may seem to the modern reader to be somewhat naive and elementary. Plato once stated that the main function of education is not to put knowledge into the soul, but to bring out the latent talents in the soul by directing it towards the right objects.
Dialectical power must be developed. It is this level of studies, which leads to philosophy and, at the same time, to the highest offices in the state, that concerned Plato the most. All innovation is taboo. 3.
Plato’s plea for censorship of artistic and poetic works is highly objectionable. Art and literature can never flourish under state censorship. It has inherent danger of totalitarianism.
4. Plato’s scheme of education is far removed from reality. It can only create academic theorists who are incapable of dealing with the hard realities of life. 5. Although Plato's Republic is best known for its definitive defense of justice, it also includes an equally powerful defense of philosophical education.
Plato's beliefs on education, however, are difficult to discern because of the intricacies of the dialogue. 1 Plato’s scheme of education was for the guardian class other classes like peasant and artisan were not covered.
2 His scheme of education is a lifelong procedure 3 The Plato’s suggestion for censorship of art and literature is extremely critical.
Plato’s Scheme of Education: Plato was of the opinion that education must begin at an early age. In order to make sure that children study well, Plato insisted that children be brought up in a hale and healthy environment and that the atmosphere implant ideas of truth and goodness.
PLATO ‘S EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY Unit Structure Objectives Introduction The highest goal of education, Plato believed, is the knowledge of Good; some nineteenth century German writers described Plato's scheme as 'andragogy'). In Plato’s scheme of higher education the study of mathematics occupies a very vital place.
The mathematical studies were serious. In his curriculum of higher education Plato gave almost highest position to mathematics. That is why Greece produced a large number of geniuses in mathematics.Plato scheme of education